Barcelona , 20 August 1922
Composer and musicologist
He was a choirboy at the music chapel of Tortosa’s cathedral. There he studied with J. A. Nin Serra. Based in Barcelona, he premiered L'ultimo abenzeraggio (1874) and Quasimodo (1875) at the Gran Teatre del Liceu. He obtained a scholarship to study in Italy and France (1876-1878) and studied musicology and devoted himself to composition. He composed the opera Els Pirineus (1891), and Porh nuestra música (1891) which has been considered the first manifesto of the Hispanic musical nationalism. From 1894 onwards, he was a professor at the Conservatory of Madrid and at the Ateneo, where he premiered La Celestina (1902). In 1904, he returned to Barcelona and composed El Compte Arnau, with text by Joan Maragall. He was highly-regarded for his musicological research, thanks his articles and music editions such as Hispaniae Schola Musica Sacra (1894-1896) and Opera Omnia by T. L. Victoria (commissioned by Breitkopf & Härtel) (1902-1913). He was the teacher of figures such as I. Albéniz, E. Granados, R. Gerhard, H. Anglès or M. de Falla.