Palacio de Cristal

Historical Theatres and Concert Halls
Palacio de Cristal
  • Alternative names:
    Trascorreo
    Palais de Cristal
    Alcázar Francés
    Grand Concert des Varietés

    Year of establishment: 1888
    History:
    Arrel de l'Exposició Universal de Barcelona de 1888 el propietari de l'anomenat Alcázar Francés, Joan Mató, va canviar el nom de la casa pel de Palais de Cristal o Palacio de Cristal, seguint els models d'altres ciutats europees. Aquest espai teatral, a més de poder-hi menjar i beure, va acollir actuacions de contorsionisme i equilibrisme (Eugénie Petresen), però també concerts de música, vedettes i dansa amb la participació de les mítiques La Bella Otero i Chiquita, i també de pantomima amb els germans Onofri. Va ser, però, una època convulsa com ho testimonien els canvis de nom. A part de Palacio de Cristal, també va ser denominat Trascorreo i Grand Concert des Variétés, cosa que no va impedir l'important ritme de les activitats, amb interpretacions de sarsuela barrejades amb chanson francesa, actuacions de circ i pantomima. L’any 1893 un incendi va destruir del tot l'edifici, que va ser reconstruït, però ja no va tornar a acollir activitat artística fins el 1904.
    Related names:
    Cotó, Albert

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Narcís Fita, sarsuela, P. Solana, Societat Euterpense Clavé

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Narcís Fita, sarsuela, P. Solana, Societat Euterpense Clavé

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Composer and pianist

He began his studies with his uncle Narcís Fita (organ) and with P. Solana (violin). He played the piano at cafes and conducted the choir Erato. At the age of thirteen he joined the Orquesta Figueras, where he began composing ballables. In 1888 he moved to Barcelona where he was a pianist-conductor in several renowned theatres. There, he also founded Orquestra Cotó together with some lecturers at Liceu, and toured around Europe. He created a type of staged revista called Portofolios Musicales. From 1878, he became famous for composing hundreds of dance pieces (the so-called 19th-century dances and americanas), which were performed by orchestras throughout Catalonia. He continued to compose small stage music with success, as well as works for male choirs, sardanes and easy piano pieces. His composition has been compared to that of other contemporary European composers, and especially to that of Johann Strauss the Son.

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Composer and pianist

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